What are the functions of polychaete parapodia? - Study enthusiast (2023)

What are the functions of polychaete parapodia?

Parapodia are paired, non-articulating lateral appendages found in polychaete worms, which are usually fleshy (particularly in marine polychaetes) and are used for locomotion, respiration, and other functions.

Do polychaete worms have parapodia?

Polychaeta /plkit/, also known as bristleworms or polychaete worms, are a paraphyletic class of annelid worms that normally live in the sea. Each body segment has a pair of fleshy projections called parapodia bearing many bristles called bristle made of chitin.

Do migratory polychaetes have parapodia?

Migratory polychaetes move actively, sometimes swimming, crawling, or burrowing. Locomotion is usually through the parapodia, which act as legs (Figure B). These animals tend to be scavengers or predators and have a well-developed head and associated sensory organs.

What are the characteristics of a polychaete?

Most have well-developed paired appendages (parapodia), well-developed sense organs, and numerous bristles (usually on parapodia; polychaete means many hairs). Polychaetes usually have a well-developed head, often complete with well-developed eyes, antennae, and sensory palps.

What is the purpose of parapodia?

Gastropod Parapodia The fleshy processes on the sides of some sea snails are also known as parapodia. They are particularly well developed in sea butterflies. Some lumpfish use their parapodia to swim. Parapodia can even be used for respiration (similar to gills) or for locomotion.

What are the two functions of the parapodia in the earthworm?

Biramous lateral appendages called parapodia are easily seen in this cross-section. These highly vascularized appendages are used for both locomotion (swimming or floor crawling) and respiration, and can also be supplied with various sensory structures.

What is the difference between polychaete worms and ringlet worms?

Polychaetes are the most diverse group of annelids and are most common in the marine environment. They differ from earthworms and leeches in that they have appendages called parapodia and lack the clitellum. … Most sedentary polychaetes produce burrows in which to live.

Do earthworms have parapodia?

The basic features of locomotion in annelids are more easily observed in the earthworm because it lacks appendages and parapodia. The movement involves stretching the body, anchoring it to a surface with bristles, and contracting the body muscles.

(Video) Name the organims which has (i) Setae and parapodia (ii) Tube feet.

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Do all annelids have parapodia?

Almost all polychaetes have parapodia that function as limbs, while other large groups of annelids do not. The parapodia are paired, non-articulating extensions of the body wall, and their muscles descend from the body's circular muscles. They are often supported internally by one or more large, stout chetas.

What is a migratory polychaete?

Migratory polychaetes include forms that are actively crawling or swimming, but may also spend time in burrows or crevices, or under coastal rocks. A well-known migratory polychaete is the mussel worm Nereis, which is often used as bait. Migratory polychaetes swim, crawl on the seafloor, or tunnel through surface sediments.

Do leeches have parapodia or bristles?

All annelids except leeches also have chitinous hair-like structures called bristles that protrude from their cuticle. The bristles are sometimes attached to paddle-like appendages called parapodia.

What are the properties of oligochaetes?

Characteristics of Oligochaeta Oligochaete worms have long, segmented, tubular bodies that give them the appearance of a thick piece of spaghetti. They can range in length from just a few millimeters to over 10 feet!

What do you mean by polychaetes?

polychaete. / (plkit)/ noun. any marine annelid of the class Polychaeta with a distinctive head and paired fleshy appendages (parapodia) bearing bristles (chaetae or bristles) and used for swimming: including lugworms, sea tapeworms, and sea mice.

What do polychaete worms show?

Some species have a special segmental band known as the clitellum. Annelids show the presence of numerous chitinous projections called chaetae, and polychaetes have parapodia. Suckers are seen in the order Hirudinea.

What are the characteristics of the Hirudinea class?

  • Leeches: class Hirudinea.
  • Notable body features.
  • sucker at the rear end. sucker at the end of the head. sucker on the back. bigger than the front. ...
  • Distinguishing leeches by the body. Shape.
  • Family: Glossiphonidae. Pear shaped body. Usually smaller than others. ...
  • distinguish between. Glossiphonidae.
  • Key Features.
  • Eyes. (1-4 pairs) body pattern.
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(Video) Parapodia Lecture, BSc Biotechnology by Ms. Priyanka khan.

What is the function of parapodia? Name an animal with parapodia?

Parapodia are the fleshy protuberances of sea snails. It is used for locomotion and breathing. Sea slugs and sea slugs have parapodia that they use to swim.

Do parapodia help with swimming?

They have longitudinal and circular muscles that help with locomotion. Aquatic annelids like Nereis have lateral appendages, parapodia, that help with swimming.

What does notopodia mean?

: the dorsal lobe or branch of a parapodium.

What do earthworms use parapodia for?

These strange worms are a type of polychaete worm belonging to the Nereididae family, commonly known as the mussel worms. Polycheate worms are separated from other marine worms by bristles (known as cheat) on their parapodia, which they use to move and burrow in the sand.

What do you know about parapodia?

The parapodia are essentially the organs of locomotion used in both crawling and swimming. Being highly vascularized, they also help with respiratory function.

What's right about parapodia?

(i) Parapodia are lateral appendages on arthropods used for swimming. ... Parapodia are present in some annelids. These are two flattened lobes of flesh with numerous bristles. Radula (scraper organ) in molluscs is a structure involved in food intake.

How is the polychaete different from the rest of the tribe Annelida?

Polychaetes differ from other annelids in having a well-differentiated head with specialized sensory organs and no clitellum. They have many bristles, usually arranged in bundles on the parapodia. … The sense organs in polychaetes are more developed than in oligochaetes.

What structure is unique to polychaete annelids?

Most polychaete body segments are unique among annelids, having a pair of parapodia (flat, lobe-like projections) with bristles or tiny bristles.

(Video) Parapodia are found in

How do annelids differ from flatworms and nematodes?

In addition to having a more specialized complete digestive system, annelids have also evolved body features not found in flatworms or nematodes. These features appear in some form in all larger and more complex animals: a coelom, a tissue-lined body cavity between the digestive tract and the outer body wall.

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What are bristles and parapodia?

They can have two types of bristles and parapodia for locomotion. Needle bristles provide support. The movement bristles are used for crawling and are the visible bristles on the outside of the polychaeta. The slow crawling movements of Nereis virens are carried out only by the action of the parapodia.

How do you know if it's a worm or a leech?

Earthworms have a segmented muscular body (37-100) in the form of a tube connected by a continuous gut, nerve and blood vessel. A leech's body is divided into 34 segments with a small anterior sucker and a large posterior sucker.

What do earthworms and leeches have in common?

The leech and the earthworm belong to the same phylum Annelida. Both are worm-like creatures and hermaphrodites.

Which group of annelids has parapodia?

Polychaetes The largest class of annelids are the polychaetes. Polychaetes have parapodia, fleshy paddle-like lobes on each segment. Parapodia are used for locomotion and gas exchange. The bristles are on the parapodia.

Which classes have parapodia?

Note: The most common structures found in sea snails are the parapodia, which act as a foot supporting lateral projections. They are commonly found in a specific class that includes sandworms, tubeworms, and mollusc worms belonging to the phylum Annelida.

What are some unique characteristics of annelids?

Annelids exhibit bilateral symmetry and are invertebrate organisms. They are coelomates and triploblasts. The body is segmented, which is the most distinctive feature of annelids.

(Video) Aquatic annelids like______,posses lateral appendages, parapodia which help in swimming.

What are the functions of polychaete parapodia? - Study enthusiast (1)

Perrine Juillion

After graduating from ENSAT (National Agronomic School of Toulouse) in Plant Sciences in 2018, I did a CIFRE PhD in Avignon between 2019 and 2022 on behalf of Sun'Agri and INRAE. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in tree care. I love writing and sharing science related stuff here on my website. I am currently staying at Sun'Agri as an R&D Engineer.

(Video) BIOL 1407 Lab 38 Annelida


What are the functions of the parapodia of a polychaete? ›

Polychaete characteristics include a well-developed head and lateral appendages called parapodia, which are found on each segment. Parapodia are used for both creeping and swimming. They can also take part in gas exchange, which is possible because parapodia contain a large number of respiratory capillaries.

What is the function of polychaete? ›

Through different trait combinations, polychaetes can perform several functions such as sediment stabilization, sediment oxygenation and transport of dissolved material from water to sediment (Braeckman et al., 2010; Wong and Dowd, 2015; Wrede et al., 2018; Bhowmik and Mandal, 2021).

What functions do parapodia have? ›

Most species of polychaete annelids have paired, fleshy parapodia which are segmentally arranged along the body axis. Parapodia vary greatly in size and form, reflecting a variety of functions, such as gas exchange, anchorage, protection and locomotion.

What are the major characteristics of polychaetes? ›

Polychaetes usually have a well-developed head, often complete with well-developed eyes, antennae, and sensory palps. They lack any permanent sex organs (in contrast to other kinds of annelids); gonads appear as swellings during the breeding season.

Do polychaetes have parapodia? ›

Most Polychaeta have pairs of parapodia, paddle-like appendages, running down the sides of their worm-like bodies.

What does parapodia in annelids help in? ›

Parapodia are the lateral appendages seen on the surface of the body of some organisms in phylum Annelida as seen in Nereis. It is a marine organism and uses parapodia for swimming.

What is the definition of a parapodia? ›

Parapodia are the locomotory organ of segmented marine worms belonging to the class Polychaeta of phylum Annelida. For example, Nereis virens. Parapodia are dorsoventrally flattened flap-like hollow structures found on the lateral side of the trunk segments and filled with coelom.

What are the benefits of polychaetes? ›

Polychaetes can be used to induce a controlled spawning process within several fish and crustacean species, and are able to supply spawners with essential nutrients such as fatty acids and amino acids.

How do parapodia support the active life that most polychaetes pursue? ›

Polychaetes actively swim, burrow and crawl. How do parapodia support the active life that most polychaetes pursue? Parapodia can be used for swimming or crawling and in gas exchange.

Which of the following has parapodia that function in movement and respiration? ›

Some sea hares swim with their parapodia. ' Parapodia can also be utilized for breathing (much like gills) and movement.

How are parapodia used in locomotion? ›

It moves the anterior part, the posterior part or the lateral parts forwards but is able to rotate of 180° on itself. Its locomotion entirely depends on parapodial motions and not on trunk movements.

What does parapodia do in respiration? ›

In worms, respiration happens via the parapodia. These parapodia act as gills that allow the passage of oxygen in and out of the worms. Worms tend to move from one place to another place.

What are the important structures used in polychaete identification? ›

The polychaetes can be distinguished by having paired, lateral appendages, parapodia, on each segment. The parapodia are usually divided into dorsal notopodia and ventral neuropodia.

What is the economic importance of polychaetes? ›

They are an important link in marine food webs. Due to the high calorific value and rich protein content, both the adult and larvae of polychaetes are the main food supply of many economically important fishes (Yang and Sun 1986). They can be harvested artificially or directly.

Which characteristic is unique to polychaete annelids? ›

Polychaetes are distinguished from other annelids by having pairs of appendages called parapodia attached to the outside of each segment. Parapodia are shaped like paddles, and they are used for both locomotion and respiration.

Are parapodia used for feeding? ›

Parapodia of burrowing or tubicolous polychaetes can be slightly raised ridges carrying hooked chaetae called uncini. Each parapod bears chitinous bristle-like chaetae that are used in locomotion, feeding, and tube-building.

Is parapodia used for swimming? ›

(i) Parapodia are lateral appendages in arthropods that are used for swimming. (ii) Rasping mouth-like organ present in molluscs, are involved in excretion. (iii) Animals of Aschelminthes are dioecious (separate male and female).

Does parapodia in annelids help in swimming? ›

Aquatic annelids like Nereis possess lateral appendages called parapodia, which help in swimming.

Which animal uses parapodia as locomotion and gas exchange structures? ›

Polychaete worms have paired, unjointed limbs called parapodia on each segment used for locomotion and breathing.

Which animal shows locomotion by parapodia? ›

Parapodia are the locomotory lateral appendages that help in the movement of annelids. In the marine gastropods, these structures act as a foot that bears the lateral projections. These are present mostly in the animals that come under the class Polychaeta in the phylum Annelida.

Which is correct about parapodia? ›

Parapodia are present in some annelid worms. These area pair of flattened flesh lobes bearing numerous bristles. Radula (rasping organ) in molluscs is a structure involved in feeding.

What are the functions of the parapodia quizlet? ›

What are two functions of polychaete parapodia? Respiration, locomotion.

What are the functions of parapodia and Nephridia? ›

In many primitive invertebrates, like the amphioxus, the nephridium is a unit of the excretory system that expels wastes from the body cavity to the (typically watery) environment. Parapodia are the fleshy protrusions on the sides of some marine gastropods.

How do polychaete protect themselves? ›

Polychaete worms, such as members of the serpulid, spirorbid and sabellid families, secrete tubes into which they withdraw when threatened. Barnacles also secrete a hard exoskeleton, including several plates at the top opening that can be closed tightly.


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